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Types of CBD Products

Cannabidiol or CBD is one of the most famous exogenous cannabinoid found in the Cannabis family.  Cannabis has three main species that are Cannabis sativa, Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. These plants produce more than 60 types of different cannabinoids along with other highly nutritious chemical compounds.  Even though the Cannabis plant has been known for centuries, lately more and more scientific research is being carried out on it and it has gained the status of therapeutic medicine.  Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, CBD is entirely non-psychoactive and cannot cause the effects associated with marijuana.  Legal CBD products contain less than 0.2 % THC according to the European Union standards. Zéna CBD oil complies with all European Standards.

Types of CBD Products

CBD products are made by using different types of CBD oil.  The three most common types of CBD oils found in the market are full-spectrum CBD oil, broad-spectrum CBD oil and CBD isolates.  These products are quite different from each other with respect to the concentration of CBD. Full-spectrum CBD oil contains all other types of cannabinoids and phytonutrients along with CBD.  It also contains traces of THC.  On the other hand, broad-spectrum CBD oil also contains all essential phytocannabinoids and phytonutrients except THC.  CBD isolate is the purest and contains more than 99% of CBD only. CBD isolate effects however may be less notable than full-spectrum.

The use of CBD in Europe is rising rapidly, specifically in the last few years. It is estimated that about 16% of European population is using CBD products in different forms. At Zéna, we believe in simplicity. We have products that are simple to use and effective, but we also want to educate our customers about CBD so, here are the most famous types of CBD products available in the market. 

Oils and Tinctures 

CBD oils and tinctures are the most familiar and widely used types of CBD products. These come in small bottles and are consumed in the form of drops. You just need to put few drops under the tongue or on the cheeks for maximum absorption. As compared to other CBD products, oils and tinctures could contain a higher concentration of CBD, which is why it would be best to double-check the CBD content in the product before buying it.  Tinctures and oils can also be consumed orally, but the dose will take a few hours to show its effect. 

CBD Concentrates

CBD concentrate contains a very high amount of CBD, which is typically ten times more than the average CBD product.  Even though the body can conveniently tolerate higher concentrations of CBD, it is advisable to begin with the smallest doses to avoid any inconvenience.  CBD concentrate is also taken orally by ingesting it or putting it under the tongue for maximum and quick absorption. 

Tablets and Capsules

CBD Softgel capsules and tablets are a convenient way of taking a regular CBD dose. Each capsule and tablet contains about 5-25 mg definite doses of CBD oil, which can be swallowed with a few sips of water. One benefit of taking CBD capsules and tablets is that you don’t have to calculate the dose every time you need it. However, with CBD oil you can easier regulate your own doses throughout the day and change it as needed.

CBD Topicals

CBD Topicals come in the form of creams, lotions, salves, and gels. They can be applied directly to the skin to seek relief from pain and symptoms of inflammation. These products can also be helpful for inflammatory skin conditions such as acne and eczema. The best CBD topicals contain nano CBD particles or micellized CBD dose that can travel through the dermal layers and show their effect instantly. These products should always be tested on a small patch of your skin.

CBD Oral Sprays

CBD experts have formulated a new way to ingest minimal doses of CBD oil in each serving. It typically contains about 1-3mg of CBD oil. It can be sprayed directly into your mouth making it an easy and discreet way of taking CBD.

CBD Vapes

Vaping is the quickest delivery method as it takes the CBD dose into the lungs from where it is directly absorbed into the bloodstream. Unlike the oral doses, CBD content through vaping will not have to pass through the digestive system and liver before entering the bloodstream. However, CBD inhaled through vapes is effective for shorter time periods and its effects fade off within a few hours. Vaping is relatively safer than smoking, but it has other side effects associated with it. It is best to avoid it and use other safer types of CBD products.

CBD Edibles

As more and more people are switching to CBD, CBD experts have come up with a delicious way to intake the daily CBD dose. CBD infused gummies and snacks are also available in the market. You can enjoy CBD brownies and CBD infused pizza sauce to stay healthy while munching on your favorite snacks. Alternately, you can simply add Zéna CBD oil in salads, drinks, and other food items.

Wrap Up

CBD has become immensely popular for its therapeutic properties and is available in a number of easy to use products.  If you are thinking about adding CBD in your daily self-care routine to help you gain balance in your life it would be best to consult your Healthcare practitioner before including CBD in your daily life.  Moreover, remember that CBD can help you improve your wellbeing but it is not considered a treatment method until more research is carried out.

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The Extraction Process using Co2 and Distillation

CBD in Switzerland is growing fast. Switzerland is becoming one of the greatest spots vis-a-vis the market for hemp in Europe. Courtesy of its numerous therapeutic benefits, CBD is now legal in various parts of the world, including Switzerland. Cannabidiol is not prohibited under Swiss narcotics legislation. The Swiss Government understands the useful effects of CBD as a potentially medicinal product. Switzerland is probably the most forward-looking country in Europe concerning the CBD usage legislation. The commercialization, use, production, or possession of CBD containing less than 1% THC is permitted within the Swiss laws.

Production of hemp products was legalized in August 2016 in Switzerland.

You can discover all kinds of products such as CBD Oil/Tinctures, Capsules, Cosmetic, Food Supplements, Vaporizers, and Cigarettes. Nevertheless, the most consumed form in the country is definitely the CBD oil. 

CO2 Extraction:

Plants produce essential oil but require advanced machinery or methods to extract it. There are many different forms of extraction, which can be divided into two distinct methods: mechanical or solvent. 

Mechanical methods do not require equipment but are still regarded as processes for extracting oil. This category includes ice water hash, rosin presses, and dry sieves. 

Solvent-based machines require a solvent-based system to remove oil.

CO2 is a high-pressure solvent. Add temperature variations, and you have a superior mechanical solvent capable of extracting specific compounds from the plant without destroying their substance. Other forms of extraction are not as accurate and may destroy flavonoids or fragrance compounds that are widely desired in a product. They are recognized as terpenes and contain many components that have proven successful in a wide range of medical issues. The combination of terpenes and all other cannabinoids in the plant produces a broad range of oil, including the known CBD oil. 

CO2 is not an explosive or volatile solvent. In fact, CO2 is the main component of fire extinguishers. The most safety equipment required by the operator is a CO2 monitor in the event of a leak. However, no special safety equipment is needed in the CO2 laboratory, as is the case in other forms of extraction.

There are four steps to extract CBD with CO2:

  1. Filling
  2. Pressurizing
  3. Extracting
  4. Recovery

To extract CBD effectively, you need a large proportion of CBD source material. Hence, hemp is a strong contender. The plant is extracted and fully dried. CO2 doesn’t do well with water – it evokes from the extract and reduces the yield. The plant is hanged or put in an oven to dry it fully.

After drying the plant, the content is lowered to a coffee-ground consistency (approximately 100 microns). This is the optimal surface size for CO2. Any smaller and there is a chance that the plant material will slip through one of the filters and contaminate the process. If the surface size is any bigger, there is a risk of channeling. It means that the CO2 will find the path of least resistance through the plant material, and not all the plant material will be exposed to the solvent.

As supercritical CO2 is utilized in the extraction of CBD, its gas properties allow it to fuse through all organic matter, while its liquid properties allow it to remove chemicals effectively. The exact method differs, and some laboratories commence extraction with liquid CO2 while others start with CO2 in gas form. 

In order to attain the supercritical state of CO2, producers add CO2 in a chamber that contains plant matter and use the same pressure and temperature required for CO2 to enter its supercritical state.

In that stage and with the help of some additional heat, CO2 acts as a solvent and allows the plant material to detach. Owing to the pressure, the CO2 transforms from gas to liquid, which is a perfect solvent. It takes up the oil in the plant as it flows through until it goes to the extraction chamber, where it passes through an orifice that depresses it and transforms it back into a gas. The oil in the flow drops out of the gas stream into the collector’s cup. The CO2 runs in a loop, passing through the content until it reaches the chosen time at which point the run stops. 

Depending on the circumstances, the operator may have to interrupt the extraction run for the oil. When finished, CO2 is isolated from organic compounds, and the producers are left with full-spectrum CBD crude.

Although it needs trained manpower and there are higher costs associated with the equipment required for supercritical CO2 extraction, it is by far the most effective and fastest method of extracting CBD. It is also environmentally sustainable due to the small amount of pollution and cleaner than the extractions that use such solvents. All Zéna CBD oil are made using the CO2 extraction method.

It is the most efficient method, CO2 is generally safe, environmentally safe, but expensive and needs qualified personnel.

Steam Distillation:

Steam distillation is a centuries-old procedure that is widely used to distill alcohol and remove essential oils from organic matter. The procedure is much less complex than the CO2 extraction of CBD. The plant matter is inserted in a distillation tank first. Through the use of water and heat, the generated steam brings oils to the top of the tank and then passes through the condenser, resulting in a mixture of water and oil. The mixture then goes through further distillation to separate water and oil, and the result is full-spectrum CBD oil. 

While this CBD extraction process is a lot easier, there are several downfalls. It is more vulnerable to error, much less effective, and can potentially harm a part of the plant’s essential oil profile. Owing to these purposes, steam distillation is rarely used to remove CBD. Although many laboratories do use some form of distillation in the process of isolating CBD from full-spectrum crude.

The Distillation Process is relatively easy to perform, with low cost, but not very efficient and consistent, and the oil is less potent.